In Chowkidar Modi’s ‘golden Assam’, Muslim eatery owner attacked by mob, asked to prove nationality

While Assam Police have belatedly detained five people after social media outrage, there has been no response from the CM Sarbananda Sonowal although gruesome videos were tagged to him

Shaukat Ali (Social Media)


  • The mob demanded to know victim’s nationality
  • He was accused of selling beef in the local market
  • Beef is not banned in Assam, but one needs certificate from vet to slaughter cattle

In another instance of hate crime, a man identified as Shaukat Ali fell victim to mob violence in Assam.

The mob suspected 68-year-old Shaukat Ali of selling beef and cornered him. They thrashed him and also proceeded to force feed him pork. The incident took place on April 7 in Assam’s Biswanath Chariali town.

Yet another gruesome video of a lynch mob assaulting a Muslim in Assam’s Biswanath Chairali has sent shock waves on social media and triggered widespread revulsion.

The bleeding Muslim owner of an eatery was attacked on Sunday by a mob for allegedly selling cooked beef, which is not banned in Assam and the North-East, where large sections of people regularly eat beef even in BJP ruled states.

The victim was asked questions about his nationality and whether he was a Bangladeshi. He was also being asked if his name was on the National Register of Citizens.

The 68 year old man, identified as Shaukat Ali, was also forced to eat pork which went against his religious injunctions.

According to the Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 1950, “Notwithstanding anything in any other law for the time being in force or in any usage to the contrary, no person shall slaughter any cattle unless he had obtained in respect thereof a certificate in writing signed by the Veterinary Officer for the area in which the cattle is to be slaughtered that the cattle is fit for slaughter.”

Two complaints have been filed according to a report. One was filed by Ali’s family members and the other was filed by the market’s manager.

The district police chief told the media that there was no communal tension in the area.

“We picked up five people, including two market committee leaders, in a bid to disperse the mob. They were allowed to go after signing a good behaviour bond under Section 107 of Code of Criminal Procedure,” a district administration official told The Hindu.

Assam Police@assampolice

An FIR has been registered at @BiswanathPol PS vide Case no. 80/ 2019 u/s 143/ 341/ 325/ 294(a)/ 295-A/ 153- A(b)/ 384 IPC.

Investigators are on the job to apprehend the culprits.G Plus@guwahatiplusIn an incident reported from Biswanath Chariali on 7th April 2019, a local resident, Shaukat Ali was attacked by a mob for allegedly carrying beef.#Assam #NorthEast @assampolice …11711:47 PM – Apr 8, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy73 people are talking about this

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Berojgar BeingMuzakki@Muzakki82091009

Attention @sarbanandsonwal This old man was beaten up in Bishwanath Charialifor selling beef. Beef is not banned in Assam and the northeast. Many communities apart from Muslims consume beef. But interestingly self appointed gaurakshaks find only poor Muslim traders to harass.4,6748:36 PM – Apr 8, 20194,949 people are talking about thisTwitter Ads info and privacy

Rana Ayyub@RanaAyyub · Apr 9, 2019

WATCH the video. Pause. Reflect. An old man identified as Shaukat Ali attacked by a mob on the street for allegedly selling beef in Assam’s Biswanath Chariali, he was then forced to eat pork. …Assam: Man Attacked by Mob For Selling Beef, Forced to Eat ‘Pork’Shaukat Ali was also forced to eat from a packet which the mob claims contained pork

Rana Ayyub@RanaAyyub

Over the last two years Assam and the north east is being turned into a communal tinderbox with a skewed narrative revolving around outsiders, infiltrators. This attack is a manifestation of the polarisation being witnessed in the state1,22812:05 PM – Apr 9, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy536 people are talking about thisView image on Twitter

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Abhishek Saha@saha_abhi1990

You have watched the video of the Muslim man being targeted in Assam. Read this to know what exactly happened.1017:56 AM – Apr 9, 2019123 people are talking about thisTwitter Ads info and privacy

Citizen/नागरिक/Dost Rajdeep@sardesairajdeep

Is this the new ‘normal’ and so doesn’t make the headlines, or is Assam still too far away for some of us? Just appalling. @himantabiswa @senarijit …2,1671:15 PM – Apr 9, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacyAssam: Mob heckles and abuses Muslim man for allegedly selling beef, forces him to eat porkBiswanath district police, however, said it was ‘not a matter of communal tension’, as the mob had misbehaved with a man from another community too.scroll.in1,456 people are talking about this

Sanjay Jha✔@JhaSanjay

While beef is not banned in Assam, cattle slaughter in the state comes under the purview of the Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 1950. According to the law, only cattle above 15 years of age can be slaughtered after obtaining a “fit-for-slaughter” certificate from a state veterinarian.

‘Beef isn’t banned in Assam’: Locals react after mob thrashes 68-year-old Shaukat Ali in fresh cow vigilantism case

IndiaSyeda Ambia Zahan Apr 10, 2019 09:29:51 IST

Guwahati: In yet another case of cow vigilantism, an elderly Muslim man, Shaukat Ali, was beaten up and forced to eat pork, which is forbidden among followers of Islam, while his restaurant was vandalised by another group at some distance in Biswanath Chariali district in Assam on Sunday. The incident came to light on Monday after a video showing a mob assaulting Ali, a 68-year-old restaurant owner, was circulated on social media platforms.

Attention @sarbanandsonwal This old man was beaten up in Bishwanath Charialifor selling beef. Beef is not banned in Assam and the northeast. Many communities apart from Muslims consume beef. But interestingly self appointed gaurakshaks find only poor Muslim traders to harass.

— Berojgar BeingMuzakki (@Muzakki82091009) April 8, 2019

In the video, Ali is seen surrounded by a mob of 25 to 30 people, while one of them asks him why he sold beef and whether he possessed a licence to do that. Another man asks whether he is a “Bangladeshi”, and if his name is enlisted in the National Register of Citizens (NRC). In the video, the mob is seen forcibly feeding meat to Ali, which they call “gahori” (pork).

“Chew the meat and gulp it down your throat,” the men are heard ordering him.

Ali seemed baffled by the events because he has never had to live through such fear as a result of the business that his family has run for 35 years since his father set it up. Narrating the chain of events, he said that three days before he was attacked, around 15 boys barged into his restaurant asking where he had kept the beef. “I used to keep it in a room, away from sight. They searched and found the beef. They took videos of it. After that, I got scared and went to the mahaldar’s office,” said Ali. The mahaldars, or market managers, advised him not to sell beef. “Since then I stopped selling (beef),” said Ali.

However, the group of boys who had threatened him earlier returned to his hotel on Sunday morning and asked if he was still selling beef. “But, they didn’t find (beef). Then at around 3 pm, one mahaldar whose name is Maina, came to tell me that I cannot work in the market anymore. I was tense and decided to head home. On the way, Maina stopped me and asked where I was going. I told him I was going to offer prayers. He then took me to a paan shop nearby and asked me not to move from there as I might be hurt if I go alone. Then he left. I waited for almost one-and-a-half hours when the same group from three days ago appeared. They dragged me to a school and started thrashing me,” narrated Ali, while also suspecting Maina’s involvement in conspiring against him.

Maina, one of the four managers at the market, is absconding, according to sources from the All Assam Minority Students Union (AAMSU). After Thursday’s threat, Ali had contacted AAMSU, an organisation that voices concerns on harassment of the minority community in Assam, where he was advised to inform the mahaldar about the incident.

An FIR (Case no. 80/2019) has been registered in relation to the incident at Biswanath Police Station under Sections 143/341/325/294(a)/295A/153-A(b) and 384 of the IPC. Subhan Chandra Das, officer-in-charge, Biswanath Police Station, said he received a phone call at around 4 pm on Sunday informing him that a man was being assaulted by a group. “Five other policemen and I immediately rushed to the spot. There, I saw a man was made to kneel down and (was being) punched and slapped by a mob. There were around 100 people. I made my way through the mob and stood behind the person trying to save him from the assault. The mob also tried to push me. Somehow, I put him in our vehicle. But the mob gheraoed(encircled) our vehicle demanding that we leave the man to them. I called for additional help. Paramilitary forces also came,” said Das.

The mob had by then started assaulting Kamal Thapa, another mahaldar, who had tried to save Ali. “We again went into the mob and rescued him as well,” said Das, adding, “We have arrested one person identified as Dipen Baruah. We have identified a few more and located the homes of two. But they are absconding.”

The OC denied the suspects’ allegiance to any political or religious outfit as per the “available information”. Biswanath Chariali deputy commissioner Pabitra Ram Khaund said, “Cooked beef was being sold in one of the small restaurants in the weekly market and this has been going on for long, but nobody has come to the DC or the SP to complain about it as yet. Selling of beef is not banned here, but there are some sections of law under which you can ban the selling of beef if it breaches the tranquillity of the place. But, so far no such incident had occurred.”

Khaund said the district administration held a meeting with two organisations on Monday and two people were picked up for questioning while measures to contain the situation were being taken. Biswanath happens to be a peaceful place, but the video that has gone viral has created tension in the town, said the DC. “In this area, there are no problems as yet and on Tuesday, we have called a meeting with all the local organisations. The superintendent of police and I have been constantly on the move and are in close contact with the paramilitary, as elections are (scheduled) here in two days,” he added.

Five of the 14 Lok Sabha constituencies of Assam go to the polls on 11 April in the first phase of the General Election.

 Beef isnt banned in Assam: Locals react after mob thrashes 68-year-old Shaukat Ali in fresh cow vigilantism case

A screenshot of the video, showing Shaukat Ali being heckled in Assam. Twitter @Muzakki82091009

Thapa, who tried to save Ali from the mob violence, said the group had contacted him after threatening Ali on Thursday. “When Shaukat Ali came to me to inform about the incident (on Thursday), I asked him not to sell beef for a few days, as it was election time and the situation regarding selling and eating of beef in the country can escalate into anything. Shaukat agreed to follow my advice,” he said.

Kuddus Ali, a student leader who witnessed the attack on Ali, said, “Tension was brewing since Thursday when some people went to Shaukat Ali’s restaurant and shot a video of the beef he (had) kept separately. The group asked him whether he had permission from the market committee to sell beef. The group later warned him not to sell beef.”

Kuddus Ali added that four or five places in the market have been selling beef for decades on weekly market days, which are Sunday and Thursday. The customers who consume it are served separately in a closed room. For others in the market, these shops serve tea and biscuits. Pork is also served by non-Muslim shop owners in the market, albeit not in closed rooms the way beef has been served by the Muslim shopkeepers over the past few decades.

Shaukat Ali’s son, Abdul Wahab, 14, said the restaurant they own in the market was established by his grandfather. “After his death, my father used to run it. On Sunday, he closed the restaurant early as it was a rainy day and there were not many customers. But he was dragged from his bicycle on his way to Phulphali, where we live, and was taken in front of Chariali Girls Higher Secondary School, a kilometre away from the market. He was tortured brutally. Now, he is admitted at the Biswanath Chariali Civil Hospital. The doctor attending to him told me that he almost has no skin on his back due to the torture. He has sustained chest and head injuries as well,” said the teenage son.

Mahmudal Hassan, district president of AAMSU and an eyewitness to the assault, said, “A person called Kalam called me up to inform that a person was being beaten up in the market. Immediately, I went to the police station. But, I was informed that a police team had left for the spot. I, too, went there and saw Shaukat Ali gheraoed by a mob. The mob had already beaten him up, there was blood all over his shirt, and he was almost losing conscious.”

Reportedly, Ali was thrashed with sticks and rods, and his bicycle was also destroyed by the mob. While he was being beaten, another group vandalised his restaurant, broke the utensils and ran away with gas cylinders, cooking pots and food items. “The group didn’t find beef in his restaurant that day,” said Hassan.

Civil society organisations staged a protest against the incident in Guwahati on Tuesday.

The author is Guwahati-based freelance writer and a member of, a pan-India network of grassroots reporters